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A case of severe babesiosis treated successfully with exchange transfusion

Campers stand at the edge of the water at sunset watching the stars come out, with the CanLyme logo floating in the foreground.


Babesiosis is a zoonotic disease that may be asymptomatic or result in severe clinical conditions, with severe hemolysis, hepatic, and renal failure, in humans. Clinical symptoms depend on the species and immune status of the host. The disease is especially severe in those of advanced age, those with an immune deficiency, and the splenectomized. A severe case of babesiosis that developed in a splenectomy patient is presented here; the patient was admitted from a rural region with severe anemia and a deterioration in her general condition, with an initial diagnosis of malaria. In such situations, an exchange transfusion (ET), in addition to antimicrobial treatment, could be lifesaving.

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  1. Did the writer of this headline miss this important line? :

    ” in addition to antimicrobial treatment,”

  2. “In conclusion, babesiosis is a disease that can be diagnosed with
    a detailed epidemiological history and an examination of thin and/
    or thick smear preparations, which is a simple and rapid method”

    “s. ET can be lifesaving in patients with extreme
    cases of the disease and a high parasite load; therefore, it could be
    performed in addition to medical therapy.”

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