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The peptidoglycan-associated protein NapA plays an important role in the envelope integrity and in the pathogenesis of the lyme disease spirochete

May 13th, 2021 Abstract The bacterial pathogen responsible for causing Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, is an atypical Gram-negative spirochete that is transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected Ixodes tick. In diderms, peptidoglycan (PG) is sandwiched between the inner and outer membrane of the cell envelope. In many other Gram-negative bacteria, PG is bound by protein(s),…

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New York Times’ Story On Lyme Misses The Bull’s Eye

[CanLyme note: Very important in the article is recognition by the Infectious Disease physician author is that there is no good definition for Lyme disease, no good tests, and no biomarkers for B. burgdorferi or for PTLDS (post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome) which is a made-up term not based in science. No one knows when you have…

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United Kingdom: Phil Wilson MP: Spreading the word about Lyme [now a pandemic globally]

Tuesday – 15 September 2015 AS an MP, I am continuously learning. Every week constituents come to me with a range of problems, some of which I am know about, others, however, are completely new to me. Recently, a constituent came to me about her daughter who suffered from Lyme disease. I will be honest:…

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MacLean’s Magazine: Could Canada cause multiple sclerosis?

[CanLyme Note: Many decades of research, prior to MS being too simply labeled an ‘autoimmune’ disease, showed convincingly that spirochetal (spirochaetal) bacteria, like Lyme disease bacteria, played a significant role in the disease process.  Is all MS Lyme disease?  Likely not, but much of it may be a misdiagnosed, untreated, mistreated Lyme disease or other spirochetal…


LYME AND MS HAVING THE SAME ETIOLOGY From: jwissmille@aol.com (JWissmille) Newsgroups: sci.med.diseases.lyme Subject: MS or Lyme from the archives NNTP-Posting-Host: ladder07.news.aol.com X-Admin: news@aol.com Date: 30 Jun 1999 19:44:26 GMT Organization: AOL https://www.aol.com Message-ID: <19990630154426.23870.00002412@ng-fj1.aol.com> Xref: news.gmd.de sci.med.diseases.lyme:50155 from the archives–excellent info. Subject: MS/Lyme literature Date: Wed, 08 Oct 1997 12:55:25 -0500 From: John Haynes Newsgroups:…

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Intracellular Borrelia Spirochaetes Reproduce Inside Erythrocytes

Intracellular Borrelia Spirochaetes Reproduce Inside Erythrocytes   The experiment adds to previous work showing borrelia spirochaete invasion of erythrocytes(1). It provides video evidence that the spirochaetes continue their development within the cell. Materials and methods The medium to hold blood cells stable on a microscope slide mini-culture was prepared as: Watch Videos, Access Paper

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Mosquito’s? Selected phenotypic features of BR91, a unique spirochaetal strain isolated from the Culex pipiens mosquito.

Sikutová S, Bunková L, Krejčí E, Halouzka J, Sanogo YO, Rudolf I. Source Institute of Vertebrate Biology, v.v.i., Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Květná 8, 603 65 Brno, Czech Republic. Abstract Growth temperature range, resistance to selective antibiotics, activities of 23 enzymes, protein fingerprints and fatty acids composition of the spirochaetal strain BR91, isolated from the Culex pipiens…

Lyme bacteria show that evolvability is evolvable

Natural selection favours those with a greater capacity to generate genetic variation. Hannah Hoag 14 November 2013   Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that causes Lyme disease, is skilled at evading the immune responses of its animal hosts. STEM JEMS/SPL Some gamblers succeed by spiriting cards up their sleeves, giving them a wider range of hands to play….

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Can Alzheimer Disease be Prevented?

 Bret S. Stetka, MD Background and Biomarkers AD is an epidemic, affecting over 5 million Americans and nearly 40 million people worldwide. AD afflicts 1 in 8 people aged 65 years or older and nearly half of those 85 years and older.[2] The reason for the staggering prevalence is simply that we’re living longer. “The major…