Category Archives: Medical Publications

Recent in: Medical Publications

Detecting the Lyme Disease Spirochete, Borrelia Burgdorferi, in Ticks Using Nested PCR

Melanie K. B. Wills, Andrea M. Kirby, Vett K. Lloyd Department of Biology, Mount Allison University J. Vis. Exp. (132), e56471, doi:10.3791/56471 (2018) Detecting the Lyme Disease Spirochete, Borrelia Burgdorferi, in Ticks Using Nested PCR ABSTRACT Lyme disease is a serious vector-borne infection that is caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato family of spirochetes, which are transmitted to humans through the bite of Continues →

Combining public participatory surveillance and occupancy modelling to predict the distributional response of Ixodes scapularis to climate change

Volume 9, Issue 3, March 2018, Pages 695-706 David J Lieske, Vett K. Lloyd Abstract Ixodes scapularis, a known vector of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (Bbss), is undergoing range expansion in many parts of Canada. The province of New Brunswick, which borders jurisdictions with established populations of I. scapularis, constitutes a range expansion zone for this species. To better understand the current and potential future distribution Continues →

Citizen Science and Community Engagement in Tick Surveillance-A Canadian Case Study.

Healthcare 2018, 6(1), 22; doi:10.3390/healthcare6010022 Julie Lewis, Corinne R. Boudreau, James W. Patterson, Jonathan Bradet-Legris, Vett K. Lloyd Abstract Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in North America and Europe, and on-going surveillance is required to monitor the spread of the tick vectors as their populations expand under the influence of climate change. Active surveillance involves teams of researchers collecting Continues →

Neuroscience: how do contrarians think?

February 25, 2018 (translated from French)… What happens in the brain of a man who chooses to free himself from the common opinion? Neuroscience has for many years been interested in anti-conformist personalities. The challenge is important because these individuals help to change society and advance science. Among researchers, they are few in questioning the dogmas and take the risk Continues →


by Daniel J. Cameron, MD MPH In a recent issue of the American Journal of Dermatopathology, Lynch and colleagues report on the case of a 21-year-old man who suffered hair loss following a tick bite to the scalp. [2] The man presented with nonscarring alopecia, a pattern of hair loss similar to alopecia-areata, also known as spot baldness. Tick bite-induced nonscarring Continues →

Quebec wildlife agents want Lyme disease recognized as occupational hazard

CBC News February 14th, 2018 With Lyme disease diagnoses on the rise, wildlife agents want better care and prevention help Quebec’s wildlife protection agents are asking the government to officially recognize Lyme disease as a workplace health hazard. They say that under current rules, agents who get the disease have to fight with the Workplace Health and Safety Board for Continues →

Canadian Lyme Consortium makes announcement to Lyme community

February 6th, 2018 On behalf of a growing team of scientists, advocates, and clinicians, we wanted to let you know about a national research network that is taking shape to confront the escalating Lyme disease crisis. The Canadian Lyme Consortium has evolved from the urgent need to accelerate progress in the understanding, detection, and treatment of Lyme disease, and to Continues →

Cranial neuropathy and severe pain due to early disseminated Borrelia burgdorferi infection

Published January 23rd, 2018 doi:10.1136/bcr-2017-223307 [CanLyme Note: What is sick about this case report is that this man’s health outcome, which should be an educational source for all is being sold for profit by the British Medical Journal – just as other alleged “esteemed’ medical journals do.  We must stop this institutionalized rape of our personal information.] Summary A 61-year-old man presented Continues →

An Unusual Cluster of Neuroinvasive Lyme Disease Cases Presenting With Bannwarth Syndrome in the Midwest United States

[CanLyme note:  This statement, “Garin-Bujadoux-Bannwarth syndrome (Bannwarth syndrome [BWS]) is an uncommon manifestation of neuroinvasive Lyme disease (LD) caused by infection with members of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl)” indicates BWS in an uncommon manifestation of Lyme disease but may suggest it is a rarely connected manifestation of Lyme borreliosis.] Published: 23 December 2017 Abstract Bannwarth syndrome (BWS), an infrequent manifestation of neuroinvasive Lyme Continues →

Human seroprevalence of Borrelia miyamotoi in Manitoba, Canada, in 2011-2014: a cross-sectional study.

CMAJ Open. 2017 Sep 6;5(3):E690-E693. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20170070. Kadkhoda K, et al Abstract BACKGROUND: Hard tick-borne relapsing fever caused by Borrelia miyamotoi has been reported in Russia, the Netherlands, Germany, Japan and the northeastern and upper midwestern United States. We sought to investigate the presence of B. miyamotoi infection in humans in Manitoba, Canada. METHODS: Two hundred fifty sera collected from residents Continues →

CANADA, CASE REPORT: New-onset Bell palsy and Lyme disease

[Canlyme Note: It is important for physicians to be aware that treatment duration is to be determined by the clinical presentation not by preset limitations. The only recognized guidelines that meet the Institute of Medicine GRADE level criteria, which are the only Lyme disease guidelines published on the US government guideline website, are those published by the International Lyme and Associated Continues →

Late Disseminated Lyme Disease: Associated Pathology and Spirochete Persistence Post-Treatment in Rhesus Macaques

DOI: Nicholas A. Crossland, Xavier Alvarez, Monica E. Embers Abstract Non-human primates currently serve as the best experimental model for Lyme disease due to their close genetic homology with humans and demonstration of all three phases of disease following infection with Borreliella (Borrelia) burgdorferi (Bb). We investigated the pathology associated with late disseminated Lyme disease (12 to 13 months following tick inoculation) Continues →

Lyme disease in North America for 20,000 years

Lyme bacteria settled in North America far earlier than we thought While the Lyme disease outbreak in people dates back only about 40 years, the bacterium that causes this disease has called North America home for more than 20,000 years, according to a study published in August in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution. The epidemic began when a set of strange Continues →

New research shows risk for Lyme borreliosis in cities is much the same as in forested areas.

[CanLyme note: This should be done in Canadian cities] Published Nov. 21, 2017 Parasites and Vectors Ticks and the city – are there any differences between city parks and natural forests in terms of tick abundance and prevalence of spirochaetes? Abstract Background Ixodes ricinus ticks are commonly encountered in either natural or urban areas, contributing to Lyme disease agents Borreliella [(Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato)] spp. Continues →